A diagnosis of infertility means a person is not able to get pregnant after a year of trying. If they are a woman over 35, it means they haven’t been able to get pregnant after 6 month of trying.
Women who are able to conceive but not carry a pregnancy in term may also be diagnosed with infertility.
A woman who’s never been able to get pregnant will be diagnosed with primary infertility. A woman who’s had at least one successful pregnancy in the past will be diagnosed with secondary infertility.
Men can be infertile too. Men and women are equally likely to have fertility problems.
Causes of Male infertility
Infertility in men is related to issues with the following;
- Effective production of sperm
- Sperm count, or the number of sperm
- Shape of the sperm
- Movement of the sperm, which includes both the wiggling motion of the sperm themselves and the transport of the sperm through the tubes of the male reproductive system.
Causes of Female Infertility
In women, a number of factors can disrupt the process of reproduction at any step. Female infertility is caused by one or more of the factors below;
- Ovulation disorders
- Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
- Hypothalamic Dysfunction
- Premature Ovarian Failure
- Too much prolactin
- Damage to Fallopian tubes (Tubal infertility)
- Uterine or cervical cancers
- Unexplained Infertility
Before infertility testing, the doctor or clinic will work to understand the sexual habits of the patients and may make recommendations to improve the chances of getting pregnant. In some infertile couples, no specific cause is found.
Tests for Men
Male fertility requires that the testicles produce enough healthy sperm, and that the sperm is ejaculated effectively into the vagina and travels to the egg. Tests for male infertility attempt to determine whether any of these processes are impaired.
Patients may have a general physical exam, including examination of the genitals. Specific fertility tests may include;
- Semen analysis
- Hormone testing
- Genetic testing
- Testicular biopsy
- Other specialty testing
Tests for Women
Fertility for women relies on the ovaries releasing healthy eggs. The reproductive tract must allow an egg to pass into the fallopian tube and join with sperm for fertilization. The fertilized egg must travel to the uterus and implant in the lining. Tests for female infertility try to find out if any of these processes are impaired.
Patients may have a general physical exam, including a regular gynecological exam. Specific fertility tests may include;
- Ovulation testing
- Ovarian reserve testing
- Imaging tests
Depending on the situation, rarely testing may include
The type of treatment that’s recommended depends on a variety of factors, including;
- The cause of infertility, if known
- How long the couple have been trying to conceive
- The age
- Overall health of the the couple
- The personal preferences of the the patient, following consultation about the treatment options
Men’s treatment for general sexual problems or lack of healthy sperm may include;
- Changing lifestyle factors
- Sperm retrieval
Some women need only one or two therapies to improve fertility. Other women may need several different types of treatment to achieve pregnancy.
- Stimulating ovulation with fertility drugs
- Intrauterine insemination (IUI)
- Surgery to restore fertility
What We Offer
We at Almurshidi Medical Tourism will find the best doctors to cater to your needs. We are partnered with a wide network of hospitals and clinics that provide top quality medical experience.
We provide free medical estimates, make medical appointments, and provide several medical opinions if needed at no cost.
For more information contact us at +66822004040 or via WhatsApp