Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a group of behavioural symptoms that include inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsiveness. It is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder that can affect a child’s success at school, as well as their relationships.
ADHD is generally diagnosed in children by the time they’re teenagers, with the average age for moderate ADHD diagnosis being 7 years old. Older children exhibiting symptoms may have ADHD, but they’ve often exhibited rather elaborate symptoms early in life.
Symptoms in Children
Symptoms are grouped into three categories:
- Is easily distracted
- Doesn’t follow directions or finish tasks
- Doesn’t appear to be listening
- Doesn’t pay attention and makes careless mistakes
- Forgets about daily activities
- Has problems organizing daily tasks
- Doesn’t like to do things that require sitting still
- Often loses things
- Tends to daydream
- Has trouble playing quietly
- Doesn’t stay seated
- Often squirms, fidgets, or bounces when sitting
- Is always moving, such as running or climbing on things (in teens and adults, this is more commonly described as restlessness)
- Is always “on the go” as if “driven by motor”
- Talks excessively
- Interrupts others
- Blurts out answers
- Has trouble waiting for their turn
Symptoms in Adults
Symptoms of ADHD may change as a person gets older. It includes:
- Low self-esteem
- Chronic lateness and forgetfulness
- Problems at work
- Trouble controlling anger
- Easily frustrated
- Substance abuse or addiction
- Chronic boredom
- Relationship problems
- Trouble concentrating when reading
- Mood swings
- Easily frustrated
Treatment for ADHD typically includes behavioral therapies, medication, or both.
Types of therapy includes psychotherapy, or talk therapy.
Talk Therapy – the parent or the child will discuss how ADHD affects their life and ways to manage it.
Behavioral Therapy – it can help the parent or child with learning how to monitor or manage the behavior.
Psychotherapy – can help someone with ADHD learn better ways to handle their emotions and frustrations.
Medications – medications are designed to affect brain chemicals in a way that enables them to better control their impulses and actions
There are two main types of medications used to treat ADHD which are stimulants and non stimulants.
Stimulants can help control hyperactive and impulsive behavior and increase attention span.
Non stimulants may be prescribed for people older than 6
Treatments for ADHD depends on the affect it makes in someones life and the doctor’s recommendation.
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