Polymyositis is an uncommon inflammatory disease that causes muscle weakness affecting both sides of a person’s body. Another word for inflammatory myopathy is myositis. Having this condition can make it difficult to climb stairs, rise from a seated position, lift objects or reach overhead.
Polymyositis most commonly affects adults in their 30’s, 40’s or 50’s. Women are more often affected than men.
The muscles of the shoulders, upper arms, hips, thighs and neck display the most weakness in PM. There can also be pain or tenderness in the affected areas, as well as swallowing problems and inflammation of the heart and lung muscle tissues.
Risk Factors for Polymyositis include;
- Autoimmune conditions such as;
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Sjogren’s syndrome
- Viral infections like HIV and AIDS
- Diseases that affect the ability to breathe
If the doctor suspects that a person has polymyositis, they might suggest some of the following tests;
- Blood tests
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
- Muscle Biopsy
Although there’s no cure for polymyositis, treatment can improve your muscle strength and function. The earlier treatment is started in the course of polymyositis, the more effective it is — leading to fewer complications.
- Corticosteroid-sparing agents
- Rituximab (Rituxan)
- Physical Therapy
- Speech therapy
- Dietetic assessment
- Surgical and other procedures
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