Colon Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment in Thailand

Colon cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the large intestine (colon) caused by the uncontrolled growth of cells in the colon. It may take years to develop, and at the early stage, there may only be an abnormal growth of tissues known as polyps. 

Colon cancer typically affects older adults, though it can happen at any age. It usually begins as small, benign clumps of cells called polyps that form on the inside of the colon.

Polyps may be small and produce, if any, symptoms. For this reason, doctors recommend regular screening tests to help prevent colon cancer by identifying and removing polyps before they turn into cancer. 

Symptoms of Colon Cancer:

  • Diarrhea or constipation
  • Loose, narrow stools
  • Changes in stool consistency 
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Iron deficiency anemia
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Continual urges to defecate despite passing stools

Colon Cancer Stages

Stage 0: also known as carcinoma in Situ, at this point, the cancer is in a very early stage. It has not grown farther than the inner layer of the colon and will usually be easy to treat.

Stage 1: the cancer has grown into the next layer of tissue but has not reached the lymph nodes or any other organs.

Stage 2: the cancer has reached the outer layers of the colon, but has not spread beyond the colon.

Stage 3: the cancer has growth through the outer layers of the colon, it has reached one to three lymph nodes. However, it has not spread to distant sites.

Stage 4: the cancer has reached other tissues beyond the wall of the colon. As stage 4 progresses, colon cancer reaches distant parts of the body. 

Treatment Options

  • Surgery : to remove part or all of the colon is called colectomy.
    • Endoscopy 
    • Laparoscopic Surgery
    • Palliative Surgery
  • Chemotherapy 
  • Radiation Therapy

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We provide free medical estimates, make medical appointments, provide several medical opinions if needed at no cost.

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