An aneurysm is the enlargement of an artery caused by weakness in the arterial wall, allowing it to balloon out or widen abnormally. This bulge can rupture and cause internal bleeding. Often there are no symptoms, but a ruptured aneurysm can lead to fatal complications.
Aneurysm is most common in these areas:
Aneurysm can be caused by
- Atherosclerotic disease – People with atherosclerotic disease have a form of plaque buildup in their arteries. Plaque is a hard substance that damages the arteries and prevents blood from flowing freely.
- High blood pressure – The force of your blood as it travels through your blood vessels is measured by how much pressure it places on your artery walls. If the pressure increases above a normal rate, it may enlarge or weaken the blood vessels.
Symptoms for Aneurysm
- increased heart rate
- feeling dizzy or lightheaded
Treatments for aneurysm depends on the location and type of aneurysm
For example, a weak area of a vessel in your chest and abdomen may require a type of surgery called an endovascular stent graft. This minimally invasive procedure may be chosen over traditional open surgery because it involves repairing and reinforcing damaged blood vessels. The procedure also reduces the chance of infection, scarring, and other problems.
Other treatments can include medications that treat high blood pressure and high cholesterol. Certain types of beta-blockers may also be prescribed to lower blood pressure. Lowering your blood pressure may keep your aneurysm from rupturing.
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