Hodgkin Lymphoma (HL) is a type of lymphoma in which cancer originates from a specific type of white blood cells called lymphocytes. It is an uncommon cancer that develops in the lymphatic system, which is a network of vessels and glands spread throughout the body.
The lymphatic system is a part of the immune system. Clear fluid called lymph flows through the lymphatic vessels and contains infection-fighting white blood cells, known as lymphocytes.
Hodgkin lymphoma is one of two common types of cancers of the lymphatic system. The other type, non-hodgkin’s lymphoma, is far more common.
- Chronic lymphocytic leukemia
- Cutaneous B-cell lymphoma
- Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma
Signs and symptoms of hodgkin’s lymphoma may include:
- Night sweats
- Painless swelling of lymph nodes in the armpits, neck or groin
- Persistent fatigue
- Increased sensitivity to the effects of alcohol or pain in the lymph nodes after drinking alcohol
- Severe itching
- Unexplained weight loss
Factors that can increase the risk of Hodgkin’s lymphoma include:
- Family history of lymphoma
- Being male
- Past epstein-barr infection
Physical Exam – checking of lymph nodes, including in the neck, underarm and groin, as well a swollen spleen or liver
Blood Test – a sample of the blood to examine in the lab to see if anything in the blood indicates the possibility of cancer
Imaging Test – the doctor may recommend imaging tests to look for signs of hodgkin’s lymphoma in other areas of the body. Test may include X-ray, CT and positron emission tomography
Removing Lymph node for testing – lymph node biopsy procedure to remove lymph node for laboratory testing
- Radiation Therapy
- Bone marrow transplant
- Other drug memory
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