Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) occurs when the thyroid gland produces too much of the hormone thyroxine. Hyperthyroidism can accelerate the body’s metabolism, causing unintentional weight loss and a rapid or irregular heartbeat.
Symptoms of an overactive thyroid can include;
- Nervousness, anxiety and irritability
- Hyperactivity – patients may find it hard to stay still and have a lot of nervous energy
- Mood swings
- Difficulty sleeping
- Feeling tired all the time
- Sensitivity to heat
- Muscle weakness
- Needing to pee more often that usual
- Persistent thirst
- Loss of interest in sex
Hyperthyroidism can be caused by a number of conditions, including Graves’ disease, Plummer’s disease and thyroiditis.
The thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland at the base of the neck, just below the Adam’s apple. The thyroid gland has an enormous impact on a person’s health. Every aspect of the metabolism is regulated by thyroid hormones.
Medication – antithyroid medications, such as methimazole (Tapazole). Stop the thyroid from making hormones. They are a common treatment.
Radioactive iodine – it effectively destroys the cells that produce hormones.
Surgery – a section or all of the thyroid gland may be surgically removed. The patient will then have to take thyroid hormone supplements to prevent hyperthyroidism, which occurs when you have an underactive thyroid that secretes too little hormone.
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