Sickle Cell Anemia

Sickle cell anemia (sickle cell disease) is a disorder of the blood caused by an inherited abnormal hemoglobin (the oxygen-carrying protein within the red blood cells).

Types of Sickle Cell Anemia:

  • SS disease – It occurs when you inherit copies of the hemoglobin S gene from both parents.
  • SC disease – occurs when you inherit the Hb C gene from one parent and the Hb S gene from the other.
  • SB+ (beta) thalassemia – It affects beta globin gene production. The size of the red blood cell is reduced because less beta protein is made. 
  • SB 0 (Beta Zero) Thalassemia – It involves the beta globin gene. It has similar symptoms to Hb SS anemia.


  • Excessive fatigue or irritability, from anemia
  • Fussiness, in babies 
  • Bedwetting, from associated kidney problem
  • Jaundice, which is yellowing of the eyes and skin
  • Swelling and pain in hands and feet
  • Frequent infections 
  • Pain in the chest, back, arms, or legs 

Treatments for Sickle Cell Disease:

  • Medications
  • Blood transfusions
  • Stem cell transplant (for some children and teenagers)

If you have the symptoms above, do not hesitate to consult your doctor as this may be a serious problem already. Everyone’s health is important so we have to take good care of ourselves by simply following the recommendation stated above.

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