Thyroid Cancer

Thyroid cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the thyroid gland. Patients with this experience lumps at the throat referred to as thyroid nodules. Sometimes, individuals with thyroid cancer may be unaware that they are affected until it has already spread so it is recommended to have your doctor checked you if you experience the following:

  • Hoarse voice
  • Neck pain, accompanied by ear pain in some cases
  • Trouble swallowing
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the Neck
  • Difficulty breathing or Constant wheezing
  • Frequent cough, not related to cold
  • Hot flashes

Well differentiated thyroid cancer can be further categorized into two minor groups:

  1. Papillary cell carcinoma – this spreads through the lymphatic system; as such cancers can often spread to lymph node locates at the neck
  2. Follicular cell carcinoma – the higher risk than papillary cell carcinoma which spreads through the blood; as such it can often be found in the bone, lung, liver, and brain

How to treat thyroid cancer?

In Almurshidi Medical Agency’s previous article, we recommend undergoing surgery as one of the best treatment for cancers. The following will also be performed in connection to surgery to ensure the effectiveness of the operation:

  1. Total body scan (I-131) – whole body scan is a test that checks for the return or spread of thyroid cancer
  2. Thyroglobulin(Tg) – increasing rather than stable or decreasing thyroglobulin levels following I-131 ablation as a predictor of persistent disease
  3. Ultrasound – offers a relatively inexpensive means of monitoring patients at low risk, in whom recurrences are frequently limited to the lymph nodes
  4. PET/CT Scan – can help to provide more clarity on possibility that the cancer has spread or still remains

What are the risk factors of thyroid cancer?

There are two risk factors, if thyroid cancer will be left untreated:

  1. Cancer of Thyroid tissue
  2. Cancer of tissues relating to Thyroid Gland such as medullary cell carcinoma

To avoid any complication, you may contact Almurshidi Medical Agency to find the best hospitals for you.

For more information and inquiries, please contact us:

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